PCA: Profile of Creative Abilities
Product Code : MPS8-12245
Ages: 5-0 to 14-11Testing Time: 30 to 40 minutesAdministration: Individual or Small GroupThe Profile of Creative Abilities (PCA) is a measure of creative ability. It is specifically designed to (1) identify students gifted in the area creative thinking, (2) monitor progress in classes of creative thinking, and (3) serve as a research tool. It was normed on a sample of 640 individuals in 11 states: Colorado, Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Missouri, New York, Oregon, Texas, Virginia, and Wisconsin. This reliable test is efficient and cost-effective. It takes under an hour (approximately 30-40 minutes) to administer. Students between the ages of 5-0 and 14-11 may be tested either individually or in small groups. Models of CreativityPCA is based on two models of creativity. The first is based on J.P. Guildfordâ€™s (1959) Structure of Intellect (SOI), consisting of an organized set of abilities used to process information. The SOI model includes three dimensions, which determine different types of intellectual abilities: operation, content, and product. Guilford believed there exists six major groups of core creative abilities, necessary for oneâ€™s creative endeavors:
- Sensitivity to Problems - Ability to be aware of the need for change or see defects and deficiencies that need to be addressed.
- Fluency - Ability to produce a large number of ideas.
- Flexibility - Ability to change set.
- Originality - Ability to develop uncommon, yet acceptable solutions to ideas.
- Redefinition - Ability to transform an existing object or idea into one with a different design, function, or use.
- Penetration - Ability to see more than what is on the surface.
- Domain-Relevant Skills - Includes competencies and talents that are applicable to the domain in which an individual is working.
- Creativity-Relevant Processes - Refers to the cognitive style, knowledge of heuristic, and work style that support and nurture creativity.
- Intrinsic-Task Motivation - Suggests that individuals will be most creative when they are motivated primarily by interest, employment, satisfaction, and challenge.
- Drawing - Although this subtest is un-timed, students are encouraged to complete it in 30 minutes or less. It is composed of 10 stimuli. The child is to use each stimulus to make or draw an original, detailed picture. It is scored based on four of the SOIâ€™s six hypothesized creative abilities: sensitivity to problems, originality, redefinition, and penetration. Sensitivity to problems is operationalized as the number of new elements added to the pictures created by the child for each stimulus. Originality is a unique picture as compared to the normative sample. Redefinition is operationalized as orientation in which the child transforms the picture through location or position. Penetration is operationalized as perspective illustrating that the child can see more than just what is on the surface.
- Categories - In this subtest, students are to complete each form in 3 minutes, naming as many categories as possible. Composed of two 4 by 5 matrices of 20 animal pictures and figures, the child is to form groups of at least 3 pictures or figures and tell the examiners how they are grouped. It is scored based on two of the SOIâ€™s six hypothesized creative abilities: fluency and flexibility. Fluency is the number of responses made by the student. Flexibility is the number of categories into which the student groups the pictures or figures.